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初中生英语阅读理解和完形填空不好,该怎么办?


我是一名初中生,英语阅读理解和完形填空不好,该怎么办?

其实做阅读题不一定要全部理解,大概的意思理解到了就可以。完型填空就是根据上下文去理解,还有要知道一些短语。但是,如果想稳步提高英语成绩,该如何提高阅读理解和完形填空?

进行专项训练:
做题的目的是通过练习及时发现问题和解决问题,提高分辨能力,增强知识的理解和记忆,总结解题方法,掌握解题技巧,提高语言运用能力。可以每天做1-2篇完形填空/阅读理解,限时完成,保证质量。

阅读理解专题训练(阅读理解题分主旨大意题、细节题、推理判断题、猜测词义题等类型),然后再进行阅读综合练习。解答阅读理解题的三个步骤:1.浏览问题;2.带着问题阅读;3.根据文章相关信息解题。

做专项训练时的方法:

第一遍浏览文章,不看选项,看懂文章大意
第二遍再作,遇到不会的空跳过
第三遍,回过头把刚才没做好的做完。

阅读时遇到拿不准的空时,要注意联系上下文,平时要注意意思相近单词的细微差异(这很重要),
平时还要注意词组的积累另外在理解文章大意是要注意结合生活常识。最后要知道词组和单词特别重要。

解答完形填空的方法:
1.通读全文,掌握大意;
2.根据提示解题,
3.将答案代入原文再读。

完形填空解题的方法:
1.根据上下文提示,
2.根据词语搭配(深层含义),
3.根据常识。

An old lady in a plane had a blanket(毯子)over her head and she did not want to take it off . The air hostess spoke to her, but the old lady said, “I have never been in a plane before , and I am frightened. I am going to keep this blanket over my head until we are back on the ground again !”
Then the captain came. He said, “Madam, I am the captain of this plane. The weather is fine, there are no clouds in the sky, and everything is going very well. ”But she continued to hide.
So the captain turned and started to go back. Then the old lady looked out from under the blanket with one eye and said, “I am sorry, young man, but I don’t like planes and I am never going to fly again. But I’ll say one thing, ”She continued kindly, “You and your wife keep your plane very clean!”
1. An old lady had _________ .
A. glasses    B. a blanket over her head    C. a coat    D. a basket
2. A. She didn’t want to ________ .
A. take it off    B. turn it off    C. get on    D. talk about it
3. _________ spoke to her .
A. The air hostess    B. The man next to her    C. her husband    D. one of her friends
4. The old lady had never been _________ before .
A. abroad    B. home    C. in a plane    D. in hospital
5. The woman didn’t like planes and she was never going ________ .
A. to fly again    B. to travel    C. to go abroad    D. to go home
Key: 1-5 BAACA


 
 

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